Regarding Apple

Bye, Headphone Jack

Recorded on September 9th, 2016

IPhone 5S bottom

Well, they did it. Everyone knows by now that the iPhone 7 will have no traditional 3.5mm headphone jack. I hope that its absence on that phone will not mean we see it in fewer places on future audio/video devices. I was pleasantly surprised that in addition to wired Lightning headphones, Apple chose to include the Lightning-to-3.5mm dongle with every iPhone 7, and that they’ll sell extras for $9. This will certainly help people like me, who don’t want the AirPods and who wouldn’t have seriously considered jumping to Android anyway. (No matter how much of an audio nerd I am, was I really supposed to abandon iTunes Match, iCloud Photos, the zillions of iOS apps I rely on, and the vastly better security of iOS just because of the absence of an analog jack?)

I don’t want the AirPods because I don’t believe their transducers will sound as clear as my cheap Sony wired earbuds. Even if they manage to make them sound good, I haven’t heard anything about their special flavor of Bluetooth being lossless. I wouldn’t count on them for any serious music listening, although they’d be more than fine for podcasts.

For the wired option, I still think Lightning is a terrible headphone plug replacement. Like I’ve written before, the plug isn’t cylindrical, so it can’t rotate inside the jack to neutralize forces on the cord. Also, they could have at least used a right-angle Lightning plug for the included Lightning headphones and dongle, to keep them from sticking so far out of the phone when plugged in. The wire on that straight Lightning plug is going to suffer a lot of strain in peoples’ pockets.

I also don’t know yet about the quality of the DAC and amplifier in the $9 dongle. That’s a lot to pack into such a small case, and I assume that Lightning doesn’t carry analog audio, so something outside the phone has to do the conversion to analog. For real listening to high quality sources, I recently learned about the very promising AudioQuest Dragonfly (Black or Red) USB DAC, which works when connected to a Lightning-to-USB adaptor. That could be the best cheap-ish way to listen to iPhone audio yet.

A Lightning Port Headphone Jack Is an Awful Idea

Recorded on June 23rd, 2016

photo of old-timey 3.5mm headphone plug

Mini stereo plug, we barely knew ye.

The rumor going around is that Apple will remove the standard 3.5mm headphone jack on the iPhone 7 and make the Lightning port serve as a headphone jack. I bristle at this idea for many reasons:

1. Replacing the 3.5mm jack is not “inevitable”

Some people say “Well, Apple has to do this at some point, so it might as well be now, like they did when they left the 3.5-inch floppy out of the iMac.” I don’t believe that. Too often in technology, we think about what’s a good idea next month, next quarter, next year. We rarely think enough about things at the time scale of say, 10,000 years (see the Long Now Foundation). I’m not saying we have to dig up an iPhone in 10,000 years and expect it to still work, but it’d be nice if you could still get analog audio out of one if it happened to last 100 years. How easy will it be to dig up a Lightning-to-analog adaptor at that point? Yes, I’m saying that this piece of technology that’s 100-plus years old is still good enough.

2. How is it an improvement over an analog audio jack?

What does it do better? Does it pass digital audio and analog audio out through the same connector? If it only passes digital, I could see the argument that you could use a better outboard D/A converter of your choosing. But even if that’s the case, we know that audiophiles are the exception. In the vast majority of cases, we’re going to end up with even more severely underpowered headphone amps and converters bound up in external dongles or embedded in expensive headphones that drain the iPhone’s battery (which, by the way, negates the whole “more space for a battery” argument).

If the Lightning port passes analog audio out, it’s even more of a mystery, because we already have a perfectly good connector for that.

3. Including a pair of Apple Lightning earbuds with every iPhone doesn’t help

Everyone knows that Apple earbuds always suck worse than the lowest-end Sony earbuds. Al-ways. I only use the Apple earbuds when I want to make phone calls hands-free or in a noisy environment. They are and have always been shit and life is too short to listen to them for music, or even podcasts. We did not evolve from fish just to get this far and drink bad beer and listen to Apple earbuds.

4. Cylindrical plugs handle tangential forces better

A tangential force (like a “moment arm” in Statics in engineering school) acting on a right-angle 3.5mm headphone plug just causes the plug to rotate harmlessly in the jack, keeping its connection all the while. A similar force applied to a right-angle Lightning plug puts undue strain on the wire, the joint, and the tiny Lightning connector itself.

5. How much more space do we need inside the iPhone, really?

I hear the argument that even if they don’t need to make iPhones thinner, that the space taken up by the 3.5mm jack requires too much depth inside the phone. I don’t believe that reclaimed space will be used for more battery power if we go Lightning. I think Apple will increase battery power just enough over the last generation, like they always do, and use that space for something else we don’t need. If they’re really running out of battery space, stop making thinner phones. Leave them where they are. They’re getting too hard to grip anyway.

6. Don’t even get me started on Bluetooth headphones

Bluetooth headphones are needlessly complicated, further compress the audio, and are one more thing to charge. Bluetooth AptX Lossless is supposed to be better, and I believe it is, but in its current implementation, it’s like saying, “well, he doesn’t beat me as much as he used to”. I haven’t read anything that says AptX Lossless is 100% lossless. It dynamically falls back to lossy when there’s not enough bandwidth to be faithful to the original signal.

As is it now, even though the D/A converters on the iPhone aren’t world-class, they’re pretty good, and if you play Apple Lossless or FLAC out of them through the analog port to a decent pair of headphones, you get real lossless audio.

I only use Bluetooth earbuds when I’m mowing the lawn. Otherwise, they’re for people who don’t know or don’t care.

7. Obviously, the incompatibility with a universe of existing audio equipment

As mentioned in the BBC article above, mountains — MOUNTAINS — of electronic waste would result. “Just get a dongle”, you say. I don’t want a Lightning-to-analog dongle in my pocket to scratch up my phone, or be another point of failure between the phone and the headphones. And I don’t want to buy an expensive new pair of Lightning headphones or earbuds. I like my cheap, incredible Sony MDR-E10LP earbuds. I am old. Get off my lawn.

Craig Federighi and Eddy Cue Are Obsessed

Recorded on February 19th, 2016

I was genuinely surprised while listening to the latest episode of The Talk Show. Craig Federighi and Eddy Cue from Apple were the guests, which is a major score for John Gruber, the host. I always had the impression that, sure, these guys were beyond sharp and cared about good design and good hardware/software. But now I appreciate how invested they are in what Apple builds.

Craig Federighi admitted that he’s installed hundreds of builds of iOS and OS X on his own gear. He doesn’t have a team of geeks waiting to do this for him. Or maybe he does and he prefers to do it anyway. This is dog-fooding on a new level:

“I mean literally it’s 500–1,000 versions of OS X and iOS myself every year. I mean I have, you know, four Macs and four iPads and two phones and I upgrade them all to the newest build pretty much every day … All my kids are running the betas all the time. So we get we get live feedback and helpful feedback from the whole family non-stop.”1

Eddy Cue described a situation where he found a bug while installing OS X on his personal iMac, and because he wanted it to be witnessed and diagnosed right away, called Craig Federighi at night, drove his iMac to Federighi’s house, and got him to get his engineers to figure out what was going on.

Hearing Federighi and Cue, they love to use the new builds as soon as they’re available so they can try out new features and suss out bugs. What if people at all tech companies were like this? Is Apple unique? Are their people just obsessed, by nature? Is this the by-product of having a deep focus on design, or is this how they keep that focus going?


  1. Wow. Trint auto-transcribed this section and did a bang-up job. Very cool tool.